Do you know the difference between an aftershock and a swarm. The article below will help explain the difference
Do you know the difference between an aftershock and a swarm. The article below will help explain the difference
The following is not radio related, but it is a bit of history that should not be forgotten.
On November 7th, 1920, in strictest secrecy, four unidentified British bodies were exhumed from temporary battlefield cemeteries at Ypres, Arras, the Asine and the Somme.
None of the soldiers who did the digging were told why.
The bodies were taken by field ambulance to GHQ at St-Pol-Sur-Ter Noise. Once there, the bodies were draped with the union flag.
Sentries were posted and Brigadier-General Wyatt and a Colonel Gell selected one body at random. The other three were reburied.
A French Honour Guard was selected and stood by the coffin overnight of the chosen soldier overnight.
On the morning of the 8th November, a specially designed coffin made of oak from the grounds of Hampton Court arrived and the Unknown Warrior was placed inside.
On top was placed a crusaders sword and a shield on which was inscribed:
“A British Warrior who fell in the GREAT WAR 1914-1918 for King and Country”.
On the 9th of November, the Unknown Warrior was taken by horse-drawn carriage through Guards of Honour and the sound of tolling bells and bugle calls to the quayside.
There, he was saluted by Marechal Foche and loaded onto HMS Vernon bound for Dover. The coffin stood on the deck covered in wreaths, surrounded by the French Honour Guard.
Upon arrival at Dover, the Unknown Warrior was met with a nineteen gun salute – something that was normally only reserved for Field Marshals.
A special train had been arranged and he was then conveyed to Victoria Station, London.
He remained there overnight, and, on the morning of the 11th of November, he was finally taken to Westminster Abbey.
The idea of the unknown warrior was thought of by a Padre called David Railton who had served on the front line during the Great War the union flag he had used as an altar cloth whilst at the front, was the one that had been draped over the coffin.
It was his intention that all of the relatives of the 517,773 combatants whose bodies had not been identified could believe that the Unknown Warrior could very well be their lost husband, father, brother or son…
THIS is the reason we wear poppies.
We do not glorify war.
We remember – with humility – the great and the ultimate sacrifices that were made, not just in this war, but in every war and conflict where our service personnel have fought – to ensure the liberty and freedoms that we now take for granted.
Every year, on the 11th of November, we remember the Unknown Warrior.
At the going down of the sun, and in the morning, we will remember them.
The American Legion will hold a special event station on Nov 11 2019. For information on frequencies and call signs go to
California now has an earthquake warning system that will notify you via cell phone and it is area specific. To learn more go to
Each year, the terms of office of roughly half of our Directors end – four in even-numbered years and three in odd-numbered years. We have now completed the nominations and election process for Directors in the Alberta/NWT/NU, Ontario South and Quebec Regions. Ernest C. Clintberg, VE6EC (Alberta/NT/NU), Phil McBride, VA3QR (Ontario South) and Guy Richard, VE2XTD (Québec) have been re-elected as Directors for their Regions for a further two-year term beginning on January 1, 2020.
In Ontario South, RAC’s most populous region, this election once again brought out one of the highest turnouts showing the strong interest its members take in their national organization.
I’d like to thank the candidates willing to serve and the voting members for their participation in this important process.
Glenn MacDonell, VE3XRARAC President and Chair
QST de W1AW
ARRL Bulletin 22 ARLB022
From ARRL Headquarters
Newington CT November 5, 2019
To all radio amateurs
SB QST ARL ARLB022
ARLB022 W1AW 2019/2020 Winter Operating Schedule
Time Mode Days
——————- —- ———
1400 UTC (9 AM EST) CWs Wed, Fri
1400 UTC (9 AM EST) CWf Tue, Thu
Daily Visitor Operating Hours:
1500 UTC to 1700 UTC – (10 AM to 12 PM EST)
1800 UTC to 2045 UTC – (1 PM to 3:45 PM EST)
(Station closed 1700 to 1800 UTC (12 PM to 1 PM EST))
2100 UTC (4 PM EST) CWf Mon, Wed, Fri
2100 ” ” CWs Tue, Thu
2200 ” (5 PM EST) CWb Daily
2300 ” (6 PM EST) DIGITAL Daily
0000 ” (7 PM EST) CWs Mon, Wed, Fri
0000 ” ” CWf Tue, Thu
0100 ” (8 PM EST) CWb Daily
0200 ” (9 PM EST) DIGITAL Daily
0245 ” (9:45 PM EST) VOICE Daily
0300 ” (10 PM EST) CWf Mon, Wed, Fri
0300 ” ” CWs Tue, Thu
0400 ” (11 PM EST) CWb Daily
CW: 1.8025 3.5815 7.0475 14.0475 18.0975 21.0675 28.0675 50.350 147.555
DIGITAL: – 3.5975 7.095 14.095 18.1025 21.095 28.095 50.350 147.555
VOICE: 1.855 3.990 7.290 14.290 18.160 21.390 28.590 50.350 147.555
CWs = Morse Code practice (slow) = 5, 7.5, 10, 13 and 15 WPM
CWf = Morse Code practice (fast) = 35, 30, 25, 20, 15, 13 and 10 WPM
CWb = Morse Code Bulletins = 18 WPM
CW frequencies include code practices, Qualifying Runs and CW
DIGITAL = BAUDOT (45.45 baud), BPSK31 and MFSK16 in a revolving
Code practice texts are from QST, and the source of each practice is
given at the beginning of each practice and at the beginning of
On Tuesdays and Fridays at 2330 UTC (6:30 PM EST), Keplerian
Elements for active amateur satellites are sent on the regular
A DX bulletin replaces or is added to the regular bulletins between
0100 UTC (8 PM EST) Thursdays and 0100 UTC (8 PM EST) Fridays.
Audio from W1AW’s CW code practices, CW/digital bulletins and phone
bulletin is available using EchoLink via the W1AW Conference Server
named “W1AWBDCT.” The monthly W1AW Qualifying Runs are presented
here as well. The audio is sent in real-time and runs concurrently
with W1AW’s regular transmission schedule.
All users who connect to the conference server are muted. Please
note that any questions or comments about this server should not be
sent via the “Text” window in EchoLink. Please direct any questions
or comments to firstname.lastname@example.org .
In a communications emergency, monitor W1AW for special bulletins as
follows: Voice on the hour, Digital at 15 minutes past the hour, and
CW on the half hour.
All licensed amateurs may operate the station from 1500 UTC to 1700
UTC (10 AM to 12 PM EST), and then from 1800 UTC to 2045 UTC (1 PM
to 3:45 PM EST) Monday through Friday. Be sure to bring your
current FCC amateur radio license or a photocopy.
The W1AW Operating Schedule may also be found on page 100 in the
November 2019 issue of QST or on the web at,
“A Canadian trailblazer, Fern Blodgett Sunde was the first woman to work as a wireless radio operator at sea, serving aboard an Allied merchant ship during the Battle of the Atlantic.”
A volunteer steering committee, along with its community partner, the Cobourg Museum Foundation, will erect a life-sized bronze statue commemorating Fern Blodgett Sunde (1918-1991), the first Canadian woman to earn a professional radio operator’s licence, and the first female radio operator – a “Sparks” – to work at sea. Breaking naval barriers, Fern served aboard the M/S Mosdale during the Second World War’s Battle of the Atlantic, which was the long, deadly struggle between the Allied and Axis powers to control vital shipping lanes.
Educational materials, as well as an unveiling ceremony in October 2020, will pay tribute to Fern, and to all Canadian naval forces and merchant mariners who served at sea during the Battle. The statue and plaque will be located at the Cobourg, Ontario waterfront. Tyler Fauvelle, a Canadian professional sculptor whose public bronze monuments include three military commemorations, will create the artwork.
How a young Canadian found herself the only woman on a Norwegian merchant vessel, serving her country as a radio operator during 78 dangerous transatlantic crossings in a theatre of war, breaking educational and maritime barriers to get there, is a fascinating story.The Radio Amateurs of Canada (RAC) is committed to telling that story. A tribute to Fern Blodgett Sunde was published in the September/October 2019 issue of The Canadian Amateur magazine and is freely available at www.rac.ca.
“We are very happy to promote this exciting event,” says RAC President Glenn MacDonell, VE3XRA. “Many of us use skills developed in the Amateur Radio Service to provide communications support for community events, and in times of emergency. We are keenly interested in the history of communications, and we’re proud to share the story of the first female Sparks at sea.”
Next year marks the 75th anniversary of the end of the Second World War, and of the Battle of the Atlantic. October, when the monument will be unveiled, is Women’s History Month in Canada. “We need to see more notable Canadian women celebrated in our communities, with these types of public commemoration,” says Leona Woods, Committee Chair. “This is also a story of remembrance – Canadians played an important role in the Battle of the Atlantic, and we must not forget.”
For more information about the commemoration, contact Committee Chair Leona Woods at email@example.com.
Donations may be made online at the Cobourg Museum Foundation website: www.cobourgmuseum.ca. Tax receipts will be issued for donations of $20 or more.
For more information about Radio Amateurs of Canada, and to read the article, please visit www.rac.ca.
Radio Amateurs of Canada is pleased to announce that we are now accepting applications from Amateur Radio clubs across the country for our Liability Insurance Program for 2020.
RAC runs the RAC Affiliated Club Insurance Program each year to provide Canadian Amateur Radio clubs with liability insurance coverage – often needed by clubs in order to operate in public venues or for public events – at rates well below standard commercial coverage packages. In addition, all RAC members who are also members of participating clubs will see the liability coverage extended, automatically and at no charge, to their own individual Amateur Radio activities.
There are no major limitations or restrictions to which clubs may apply to the program, but they must be an incorporated club within Canada and be either affiliated with RAC or be willing to affiliate as part of the application process.
Note: for a list of RAC Affiliated Clubs please visit: https://www.rac.ca/affiliated-club-listing/
More information about the RAC Affiliated Club Insurance Program – including details of coverage, fee calculations and a step-by-step description of the application process for new clubs – can be found on the RAC website at: https://www.rac.ca/insurance.
Clubs that are not currently participating and are interested in more information about the costs of the program may contact the RAC office and provide information about their club for an estimate of the potential fees.
The RAC Office may be reached via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or by calling the toll free number 1-877-273-8304. RAC Office hours are 10 am to 4 pm, Eastern Time, every weekday.
Applications are open now and RAC will continue to accept applications throughout 2019. Please note that if your club requires official documentation by January 1, 2020, then the application should be submitted either physically or electronically to the RAC office by December 20, 2019.
If you or a member of your club have any further questions about the insurance program, please feel free to contact the RAC Office for assistance. Thank you!
Radio Amateurs of CanadaSuite 217, 720 Belfast RoadOttawa, ON K1G 0Z5T. 1-877-273-8304E. email@example.com
RAC MarCom Director
The Abbotsford Radio Club will hold a basic radio course starting on Nov 16 2019. For more information go to and check the left side of the page.
The following letter is self explanatory
I have been in Washington with other concerned hams lobbying the FCC in defense of amateur digital modes and Winlink amateur radio email against the attacks of Dr. Ted Rappaport N9NB of NYU and his team. They are relentless in their big-bucks campaign to change Part 97 digital communications rules, to cripple many digital modes, their future development, and to remove radio email from the amateur bands. It’s truly sad.
Search for the latest from them on the FCC.gov/ecfs (electronic comment filing system) under the 16-239 proceeding (the ARRL’s proceeding to remove the ancient 300 baud symbol rate from the rules). Here is a direct link: https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/1101131173138/DA-19-1130A1.pdf for the FCC Public Notice and request for comment. Their full petition is at https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/10242392005642/NYU%20Wireless%20Petition%20for%20Declaratory%20Ruling%20-%2010.24.19.pdf
NYU (Rappaport, et al) seeks a declaratory ruling that section 97.113(a)(4) of the Commission’s rules prohibits the transmission on amateur radio frequencies of “effectively encrypted or encoded messages, including messages that cannot be readily decoded over- the-air for true meaning.” If enacted, it will have immediate and far reaching effects on amateur radio’s digital future (and all future development is in the digital realm, that’s obvious). Comments are now open. I urge you and any stakeholder in a digital mode or amateur radio development to read it and comment. Please forward this information to any stakeholder or group you might think of.
The facts: There is no such thing as ‘effective encryption’ and dynamic compression is not encryption, yet the opposition ignores this and continues to spread false information otherwise. State-of-the-art data compression is employed in many digital signals to optimize spectral efficiency. Further, Winlink messages sent over the air can be more conveniently read by any licensed amateur for the purpose of self-policing using our online ‘Message Viewer’ linked from the main page of winlink.org. There is no ‘intent to obscure meaning‘. Messages can be easily read for full meaning both on-air and on-line. Making all this moot is this: Over-the-air monitoring of Winlink PACTOR 1-3 signals by third party eavesdroppers have been demonstrated and documented using free software available for download from . See the video https://p4dragon.com/en/downloads at http://www.philsherrod.com/Winlink/Winlink_monitoring2.mp4 for proof. On-air copying of other modes only requires adequate software that can be developed using publicly documented technical details of the mode in question, as was done for the PACTOR software mentioned above.
The petition should be dismissed because there is no need for the ruling demonstrated by the petitioners. The current rules are adequate to enable self-policing of digital modes on the amateur bands.
73,Lor Kutchins, W3QAPresident,Amateur Radio Safety Foundation, Inc.Winlink Development Team